Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Myofascial Pain Syndrome; It is called a type of soft tissue rheumatism that causes muscle spasms, especially in the striated muscle groups (mostly in the neck and back muscles), that can be felt locally or widely throughout the body. Referred pain may be experienced by touching trigger points on the shoulder, neck or back. Along with the pain, tenderness and muscle weakness also occur.

Causes of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Although the exact cause is not known, the following risk factors are important factors in the development of the disease;

Anatomical posture disorders
People working at desks and especially using computers remain inactive for long periods of time.
Stressful and sedentary lifestyle
Psychosomatic disorders
Deficiency of various vitamins and minerals
Neuroendocrine disorders
chronic diseases

Diagnosis of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

In a patient presenting with general pain complaints, increased sensitivity when applying pressure to the pain areas and especially the presence of this sensitivity in trigger points may be specific for diagnosis. As a result of finger pressure, the pain may spread to other areas and this can be observed by the physician.

Treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

The aim of treating this disease is to eliminate the pain that occurs at the trigger point and radiates to the surrounding area. The important thing is to detect the symptoms according to the patient’s complaints and determine the treatment accordingly.

It is the most logical way to start with physical therapy first. Breaking the spasm and pain circulation at the trigger point with medical massage and various heat treatments to the area is the primary step in pain treatment. Additionally, exercises to relax the muscle can also be applied.

Dry needling, trigger point injection under local anesthesia, prolotherapy and various injection types to relieve pain are applied to the appropriate patient population.

Analgesics and muscle relaxants that reduce pain and muscle spasm in myofascial pain syndrome play a role in effective treatment.

It is also very important to ensure that the patient receives psychotherapy and helps him fight this disease.